Strike: All 10 pins are knocked down on the first shot. You get 10 points for those pins, plus bonus points equal to the number of pins of your next two balls.

Spare: All 10 pins are knocked down with two shots. You get 10 points for those pins, plus bonus points equal to the number of pins of your next shot.

Frame: One “turn” or a tenth of a game.

Approach: The area between the foul line and the seating area.

Foul line: The starting line at the beginning of the lane.

Foul: Touching or going beyond the foul line as you bowl.

A Double: Two strikes in a row.

A Turkey: Three strikes in a row.

Perfect Game: A game that consists of only strikes (12), meaning achieving a 300 game.

Open: When pins are still remaining after 2 shots.

Wet Lanes: There is a lot of oil on the lanes. Hook balls will generally move in a straighter line

Dry Lanes: The opposite of wet lanes, not much oil. Hook balls will generally grip faster and turn earlier.

Pocket:  For a right handed bowler the pocket is between the 1 & 3 pins and for a left-handed bowler it’s between the 1 & 2 pins. This is where a hook bowler will normally aim for a strike.

Brooklyn: This is when the ball goes past the intended pocket and hits the other side of the headpin, getting a strike.

Sleeper: When one pin is directly behind another, eg. 2 & 8 or 3 & 9.

Washout: A “split” where the headpin is left standing, technically not a split.

Lily: When the 5, 7 & 10 pins are left standing.

Grandma’s Teeth: When the 2, 4, 7 & 10 pins are left standing.

Bucket: When the 2, 4, 5 & 8 or 3, 5, 6, 9 pins are left standing.

Big Four: The 4, 6, 7 & 10 pins are left.

Big Five: Either the 4, 6, 7, 8 & 10 pins or the 4, 6, 7, 9 & 10 pins are standing.